Comprehensive Retina Care at Ravi Eye Foundation

Understanding Retinal Diseases


The retina is a crucial part of the eye, responsible for converting light into neural signals that are interpreted by the brain. Retinal diseases can impair this function, leading to vision problems and even blindness. At Ravi Eye Foundation, we specialize in diagnosing and treating a wide range of retinal conditions, utilizing the latest advancements in medical technology.


Common Retinal Diseases


   -  Description:  A complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels in the retina.

   -  Symptoms:  Blurred vision, floaters, dark areas of vision, and difficulty perceiving colors.

   -  Treatment:  Laser surgery, vitrectomy, and anti-VEGF injections.


  •  Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

   -  Description:  A degenerative condition affecting the macula, the central part of the retina.

   -  Symptoms:  Central vision loss, difficulty reading and recognizing faces.

   -  Treatment:  Anti-VEGF injections, photodynamic therapy, and dietary supplements.


   -  Description:  Occurs when the retina separates from its underlying layer of support tissue.

   -  Symptoms:  Sudden appearance of floaters, flashes of light, and a shadow over the field of vision.

   -  Treatment:  Pneumatic retinopexy, scleral buckle, and vitrectomy.


  • Retinitis Pigmentosa

   -  Description:  A group of genetic disorders causing retinal degeneration.

   -  Symptoms:  Night blindness, tunnel vision, and loss of peripheral vision.

   - Treatment: Currently no cure, but treatments focus on managing symptoms and slowing progression, including vitamin A therapy and retinal implants.



  • Macular Edema

   - Description: Swelling or thickening of the macula caused by fluid buildup.

   - Symptoms: Blurry or wavy vision, colors appearing washed out.

   - Treatment: Anti-VEGF injections, corticosteroids, and laser therapy.


Advanced Diagnostic Tools

At Ravi Eye Foundation, we utilize state-of-the-art diagnostic tools to accurately diagnose retinal conditions, including:

- Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): Provides detailed images of the retina.

- Fluorescein Angiography: Visualizes blood flow in the retina.

- Fundus Photography: Captures detailed images of the retina’s surface.


Innovative Treatment Options

We are committed to offering the most advanced treatment options available:


  •  Laser Therapy for Retinal Diseases at Ravi Eye Foundation

Laser therapy is a cornerstone of modern retinal treatment, offering a precise, minimally invasive approach to managing and correcting various retinal conditions. At Ravi Eye Foundation, we employ cutting-edge laser technologies to provide our patients with effective and safe treatment options tailored to their specific needs.


What is Laser Therapy?

Laser therapy uses focused light energy to target specific areas of the retina. This method allows for precise treatment of retinal tissue with minimal impact on surrounding structures. The type of laser and the specific technique used depend on the condition being treated. It is being used to treat diabetic retinopathy, retinal tears, and macular edema. Types of laser treatment includes:

Panretinal Photocoagulation (PRP): PRP is done in Proliferative cases of diabetic retinopathy, BRVO patients,

Focal/Grid Laser Photocoagulation

Laser Retinopexy

Barrage Laser: Laser done around retinal tears , Horse shoe tears, Retinal Holes, Lattice degenerations

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) (Not done now a days in India)

Benefits:  Minimally invasive with quick recovery time.

What to Expect During Laser Therapy

Pre-Treatment Preparation

Evaluation: A thorough eye examination and diagnostic imaging (such as OCT or fluorescein angiography) are conducted to plan the procedure.

Anesthesia: Numbing eye drops are administered to ensure comfort during the treatment.

The Procedure

Laser Application: The patient sits in front of a laser machine, and the specialist uses a slit lamp (a microscope with a light) to deliver precise laser pulses to the targeted area of the retina.

Duration: The procedure typically takes 10 to 30 minutes, depending on the condition being treated.

Post-Treatment Care

Immediate Recovery: Patients can usually go home shortly after the procedure. Vision may be blurry, and there might be mild discomfort for a few hours.

Follow-Up: Regular follow-up visits are scheduled to monitor the eye's healing process and assess the effectiveness of the treatment.


  • Vitrectomy: A Key Surgical Solution for Retinal Disorders

Vitrectomy is a sophisticated eye surgery performed to address a variety of serious retinal conditions. This procedure involves the removal of the vitreous gel, the clear, jelly-like substance that fills the eye's interior, to allow for better access to the retina. At Ravi Eye Foundation, our experienced ophthalmologists utilize state-of-the-art techniques and equipment to ensure the highest standards of care and optimal outcomes for our patients.

The procedure is typically recommended for conditions such as retinal detachment, macular holes, epiretinal membranes, and vitreous hemorrhage. During a vitrectomy, the surgeon makes tiny incisions in the eye to insert microsurgical instruments. The vitreous gel is then carefully removed, providing clear access to the retina. This enables the surgeon to repair any tears or detachments, remove scar tissue, and address other retinal abnormalities. In some cases, a gas bubble or silicone oil may be inserted into the eye to help reattach the retina and maintain its proper position as it heals.

Post-surgery, patients are usually required to maintain a specific head position to keep the gas bubble in place and support the healing process. Recovery time varies, but many patients notice a significant improvement in their vision as the eye heals. At Ravi Eye Foundation, we prioritize patient comfort and recovery, providing detailed aftercare instructions and close follow-up appointments to monitor progress and ensure the best possible results. Our commitment to advanced surgical techniques and compassionate care makes us a trusted choice for vitrectomy and other retinal treatments.

Anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) treatment is a revolutionary approach in the management of several retinal diseases, particularly those involving abnormal blood vessel growth and leakage. At Ravi Eye Foundation, we offer this advanced therapy to effectively address conditions such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy, and macular edema, providing our patients with the latest in vision-preserving care.

What is Anti-VEGF Treatment?

Anti-VEGF treatment involves the injection of medications that inhibit the action of VEGF, a protein that promotes the growth of new blood vessels. In the context of retinal diseases, excessive VEGF activity leads to the formation of abnormal, leaky blood vessels that can cause swelling, bleeding, and vision loss. By blocking VEGF, these medications help reduce the growth and permeability of these vessels, stabilizing or improving vision.


The Anti-VEGF Injection Procedure

Pre-Treatment Preparation:

Evaluation: A thorough eye examination and imaging tests like Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) or fluorescein angiography are conducted to assess the extent of the condition.

Anesthesia: Numbing eye drops are applied to ensure the procedure is painless.

Injection Process:

Sterilization: The eye is cleaned with an antiseptic solution to prevent infection.

Injection: Using a fine needle, the medication is injected into the vitreous gel of the eye. The procedure is quick, typically taking only a few minutes.

Post-Injection Care:

Observation: Patients are usually observed for a short period after the injection to monitor for any immediate side effects.

Follow-Up: Regular follow-up appointments are scheduled to monitor the response to treatment and determine the need for additional injections.

Benefits of Anti-VEGF Therapy

Effectiveness: Anti-VEGF injections have been proven to significantly slow the progression of retinal diseases and, in many cases, improve vision.

Minimally Invasive: The procedure is quick and typically well-tolerated, with minimal discomfort and low risk of complications.

Versatility: This treatment is effective for a range of conditions involving abnormal blood vessel growth and leakage.

Why Choose Ravi Eye Foundation for Anti-VEGF Treatment?

At Ravi Eye Foundation, our experienced retina specialists are dedicated to providing personalized care using the latest advancements in medical technology. We prioritize patient safety and comfort, ensuring each treatment plan is tailored to the individual's specific condition and needs. With our comprehensive diagnostic capabilities and commitment to cutting-edge therapies, we strive to deliver the best possible outcomes for our patients.

  •  Scleral Buckle: A Proven Treatment for Retinal Detachment

Scleral buckle surgery is a well-established and effective treatment for retinal detachment, a serious condition where the retina peels away from its underlying layer of support tissue. This detachment can lead to vision loss if not promptly treated. At  Ravi Eye Foundation, we offer scleral buckle surgery performed by experienced retinal specialists to ensure the best possible outcomes for our patients.


What is Scleral Buckle Surgery?

Scleral buckle surgery involves placing a silicone band or sponge around the sclera, the white part of the eye. This buckle indents the sclera, creating a gentle inward pressure that helps reattach the retina to the underlying tissue. The buckle acts as a support to keep the retina in place and prevent further detachment. This procedure can be combined with other treatments, such as vitrectomy or laser photocoagulation, to secure the retina effectively.


During the surgery, the eye is first numbed with local or general anesthesia. The surgeon makes a small incision on the sclera and sews the buckle onto the outer eye wall. The buckle is typically left in place permanently and is not visible after surgery. In some cases, the surgeon may also drain fluid from under the retina to help it settle back into place. The entire procedure usually takes one to two hours, depending on the complexity of the detachment.


Benefits and Recovery

Scleral buckle surgery has a high success rate in reattaching the retina and preserving vision. It is particularly beneficial for repairing primary retinal detachments and can be a durable solution, often preventing future detachments in the treated area. Recovery from scleral buckle surgery involves a period of healing where patients may need to wear an eye patch and use prescribed eye drops to prevent infection and reduce inflammation. Vision may be blurry initially, but it typically improves as the eye heals.

Patients are advised to avoid strenuous activities and heavy lifting for a few weeks following the surgery. Follow-up appointments are essential to monitor the eye's healing process and ensure the retina remains securely attached. At Ravi Eye Foundation, we provide comprehensive post-operative care and support, guiding patients through their recovery and addressing any concerns to ensure the best visual outcomes.


Expert Care You Can Trust

Our team of experienced ophthalmologists and retina specialists are dedicated to providing personalized care tailored to each patient’s unique needs. With a combination of advanced technology, innovative treatments, and compassionate care, Ravi Eye Foundation is your trusted partner in preserving and enhancing your vision.


Why Choose Ravi Eye Foundation?


-  Cutting-Edge Technology:  We invest in the latest diagnostic and treatment technologies.

-  Expert Team:  Our specialists are leaders in the field of retinal care.

- Comprehensive Care: From diagnosis to post-treatment care, we provide a seamless and supportive patient experience.

- Patient Education: We believe in empowering our patients with knowledge, ensuring they understand their condition and treatment options thoroughly.

-  Patient-Centered Approach:  We prioritize your comfort and satisfaction throughout your treatment journey.


Schedule a Consultation

Don't let retinal diseases compromise your vision. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and learn more about how we can help preserve and enhance your vision. Schedule a comprehensive eye examination and discover the best treatment options for your retinal condition. Your journey to better vision starts here at Ravi Eye Foundation.